Measurement of diffusion fields of solutions using real-time phase-shift interferometer and rapid heat-transfer control system

Shigenao Maruyama, Toshiyuki Shibata, Katsuo Tsukamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new measurement system for investigation of transient diffusion fields using an accurate interferometer system was developed. This system was composed of a rapid heat-transfer control system and a real-time phase-shift interferometer. The heat-transfer control system had a small test-cell in which the liquid temperature was controlled by non-equilibrium thermoelectric device. In order to investigate pure diffusion fields without double diffusive convection, microgravity experiments using an airplane were carried out. Thermal and mass diffusion fields of aqueous solutions of NaClO3 and Ba(NO3)2 were measured by the system. Thermal and mass diffusion fields were investigated with various temperature conditions. The effect of double diffusive convection on the measurement of diffusion fields was observed. Mass diffusion of NaClO3 solution in various temperature gradients was measured in normal and micro-gravity conditions. The relation between crystal growth and super cooling was investigated, and no crystal growth was observed at small supersaturation ratio. The result agreed with that obtained using a small rocket experiment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-48
Number of pages15
JournalExperimental Thermal and Fluid Science
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Jan

Keywords

  • Crystal growth
  • Double diffusion
  • Heat-transfer control
  • Interferometer
  • Microgravity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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