Measurement of charge of Cu and O in YBa2Cu3Oy by energy-filtering convergent-beam electron diffraction

Z. Akase, Y. Tomokiyo, Y. Tanaka, M. Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Large-angle convergent-beam electron diffraction (CBED) patterns were observed from small areas in nanometer scale in YBa2Cu3Oy (Y123), using a new transmission electron microscope (TEM) JEM-2010FEF. An energy filter of omega type was used to subtract background intensities caused by inelastically scattered electron. Specimens were cooled with a liquid nitrogen stage to suppress thermal diffuse scattering that cannot be eliminated well by the energy filter. In order to measure specimen thickness, electron energy loss spectra were also measured from the same areas where CBED patterns were recorded. Charges of Cu and O on CuO chains and CuO2 planes, and charge of O on Ba-O planes were determined by analyzing the intensities of CBED patterns with the dynamical theory of electron diffraction. The obtained values are Cu2.0+ and O1.65- on CuO chains, Cu2.2+ and O1.98- on CuO2 planes and O2.0- on BaO planes. The present results indicate that the energy-filtering CBED technique is useful for determination of charge distribution along the z-direction in Y123.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-143
Number of pages7
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its applications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Aug 1
Externally publishedYes
EventInternational Discussion Meeting on Chemistry Approaches to High-Tc Superconductive Materials / 5th International Workshop on Chemical Designing and Processing of High-Tc Superconductors (Chem-HTSC-V) - Yokohama, Jpn
Duration: 1999 Oct 151999 Oct 16

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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