Measurement of θ13 in Double Chooz using neutron captures on hydrogen with novel background rejection techniques

Double Chooz collaboration The Double Chooz collaboration, Y. Abe, S. Appel, T. Abrahão, H. Almazan, C. Alt, J. C. dos Anjos, J. C. Barriere, E. Baussan, I. Bekman, M. Bergevin, T. J.C. Bezerra, L. Bezrukov, E. Blucher, T. Brugière, C. Buck, J. Busenitz, A. Cabrera, L. Camilleri, R. CarrM. Cerrada, E. Chauveau, P. Chimenti, A. P. Collin, J. M. Conrad, J. I. Crespo-Anadón, K. Crum, A. S. Cucoanes, E. Damon, J. V. Dawson, J. Dhooghe, D. Dietrich, Z. Djurcic, M. Dracos, A. Etenko, M. Fallot, F. von Feilitzsch, J. Felde, S. M. Fernandes, V. Fischer, D. Franco, M. Franke, H. Furuta, I. Gil-Botella, L. Giot, M. Göger-Neff, H. Gomez, L. F.G. Gonzalez, L. Goodenough, M. C. Goodman, N. Haag, T. Hara, J. Haser, D. Hellwig, M. Hofmann, G. A. Horton-Smith, A. Hourlier, M. Ishitsuka, J. Jochum, C. Jollet, F. Kaether, L. N. Kalousis, Y. Kamyshkov, M. Kaneda, D. M. Kaplan, T. Kawasaki, E. Kemp, H. de Kerret, D. Kryn, M. Kuze, T. Lachenmaier, C. E. Lane, T. Lasserre, A. Letourneau, D. Lhuillier, H. P. Lima, M. Lindner, J. M. López-Castaño, J. M. LoSecco, B. Lubsandorzhiev, S. Lucht, J. Maeda, C. Mariani, J. Maricic, J. Martino, T. Matsubara, G. Mention, A. Meregaglia, T. Miletic, R. Milincic, A. Minotti, Y. Nagasaka, D. Navas-Nicolás, P. Novella, L. Oberauer, M. Obolensky, A. Onillon, A. Osborn, C. Palomares, I. M. Pepe, S. Perasso, A. Porta, G. Pronost, J. Reichenbacher, B. Reinhold, M. Röhling, R. Roncin, B. Rybolt, Y. Sakamoto, R. Santorelli, A. C. Schilithz, S. Schönert, S. Schoppmann, M. H. Shaevitz, R. Sharankova, D. Shrestha, V. Sibille, V. Sinev, M. Skorokhvatov, E. Smith, M. Soiron, J. Spitz, A. Stahl, I. Stancu, L. F.F. Stokes, M. Strait, F. Suekane, S. Sukhotin, T. Sumiyoshi, Y. Sun, R. Svoboda, K. Terao, A. Tonazzo, H. H.T. Thi, G. Valdiviesso, N. Vassilopoulos, C. Veyssiere, M. Vivier, S. Wagner, N. Walsh, H. Watanabe, C. Wiebusch, M. Wurm, G. Yang, F. Yermia, V. Zimmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)


The Double Chooz collaboration presents a measurement of the neutrino mixing angle θ13 using reactor νe¯ (Formula presented.) observed via the inverse beta decay reaction in which the neutron is captured on hydrogen. This measurement is based on 462.72 live days data, approximately twice as much data as in the previous such analysis, collected with a detector positioned at an average distance of 1050 m from two reactor cores. Several novel techniques have been developed to achieve significant reductions of the backgrounds and systematic uncertainties. Accidental coincidences, the dominant background in this analysis, are suppressed by more than an order of magnitude with respect to our previous publication by a multi-variate analysis. These improvements demonstrate the capability of precise measurement of reactor νe¯ (Formula presented.) without gadolinium loading. Spectral distortions from the νe¯ (Formula presented.) reactor flux predictions previously reported with the neutron capture on gadolinium events are confirmed in the independent data sample presented here. A value of sin213 = 0.095− 0.039+ 0.038 (stat+syst) is obtained from a fit to the observed event rate as a function of the reactor power, a method insensitive to the energy spectrum shape. A simultaneous fit of the hydrogen capture events and of the gadolinium capture events yields a measurement of sin213 = 0.088 ± 0.033(stat+syst).

Original languageEnglish
Article number163
Pages (from-to)1-29
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1


  • Electroweak interaction
  • Flavor physics
  • Neutrino Detectors and Telescopes
  • Oscillation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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    The Double Chooz collaboration, D. C. C., Abe, Y., Appel, S., Abrahão, T., Almazan, H., Alt, C., dos Anjos, J. C., Barriere, J. C., Baussan, E., Bekman, I., Bergevin, M., Bezerra, T. J. C., Bezrukov, L., Blucher, E., Brugière, T., Buck, C., Busenitz, J., Cabrera, A., Camilleri, L., ... Zimmer, V. (2016). Measurement of θ13 in Double Chooz using neutron captures on hydrogen with novel background rejection techniques. Journal of High Energy Physics, 2016(1), 1-29. [163].