Weight gain management before and during pregnancy may be a key factor influencing the health of women during pregnancy and the development of the fetus. Adequate gestational weight gain contributes to better pregnancy outcomes in both mothers and infants, in short- and long-term. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) released gestational weight guidelines for optimal pregnancy outcomes. The guideline will be used in clinical practices for effective weight management aiming at improving fetal and maternal outcomes. Evidences from human and animal studies of pre-pregnancy body mass index and gestational weight gain showed that altering the environment of utero could lead to lifelong health consequences, such as high adiposity, sarcopenia, insulin resistance, glucose intolerance, and high blood pressure. Population-based prospective cohort studies starting from different geographical regions in the pre-conceptional period or in early fetal life, in which the offspring is followed from early fetal life until young adulthood. All women of reproductive age are encouraged to follow the IOM recommendations and maintain a well-balanced diet. To improve birth outcomes, it is critical for women to modify their health behaviors for a better nutritional status before, during, and after conception.
|Title of host publication||Weight Gain|
|Subtitle of host publication||Women's Attitudes, Health Implications and Psychological Challenges|
|Publisher||Nova Science Publishers, Inc.|
|Number of pages||20|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|
ASJC Scopus subject areas