Material flow of fluorine in steel and chemical industries

Yoshiaki Fujioka, Etsuo Shibata, Eiki Kasai, Takashi Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


It is very important to know material flows of various substances for better understanding of the environmental impacts of the substances. The material flow of fluorine in the industrial use and the influence of the environmental regulation were investigated from a total point of view for trying to control the fluorine waste in environment. The waste water-Discharge standards of fluorine based on the law on water pollution prevention was reinforced from 15 mg/1 to 8 mg/1 in 2001. Almost 100% of fluorine was imported and 90% of it was fluorspar. Main users of fluorine in Japan were the steel industry and the chemical industry and over 90% of fluorine was consumed in both industries during the period investigated in this study. The amount of fluorine use in Japan decreased totally after reinforcement of waste water-Discharge standards due to the decrease of the steel industry use. Because most fluorine finally changes to slags as a by-product and they are target of reinforcement. On the other hand, fluoride compounds produced in the chemical industry are valuable products. Only the production of Chlorofluorocarbons was stopped to prevent a destruction of ozone layer. The drain management techniques of waste water containing fluorine were also discussed and a simple concept for the recycling of fluorine was proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-205
Number of pages7
JournalTetsu-To-Hagane/Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Jan


  • Fluorine
  • Fluorite
  • Fluorocarbon
  • Legal reinforcement of regulation
  • Material flow
  • The chemical indusutry
  • The steel industry
  • Waste water-Discharge standards

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Material flow of fluorine in steel and chemical industries'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this