Mastication suppresses initial gastric emptying by modulating gastric activity

H. Ohmure, H. Takada, K. Nagayama, T. Sakiyama, H. Tsubouchi, S. Miyawaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Because various mastication-related factors influence gastric activity, the functional relationship between mastication and gastric function has not been fully elucidated. To investigate the influence of mastication on gastric emptying and motility, we conducted a randomized trial to compare the effects of mastication on gastric emptying and gastric myoelectrical activity under conditions that excluded the influences of food comminution, taste, and olfaction. A 13C-acetate breath test with electrogastrography and electrocardiography was performed in 14 healthy men who ingested a test meal with or without chewing gum. Autonomic nerve activity was evaluated by fluctuation analysis of heart rate. Gastric emptying was significantly delayed in the 'ingestion with mastication' group. Gastric myoelectrical activity was significantly suppressed during mastication and increased gradually in the post-mastication phase. A decrease in the high-frequency power of heart rate variability was observed coincidentally with gastric myoelectrical activity suppression. These findings suggest that initial gastric emptying is suppressed by mastication, and that the suppression is caused by mastication-induced inhibition of gastric activity (UMIN Clinical Trial Registration no. UMIN000005351).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-298
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of dental research
Volume91
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Mar 1

Keywords

  • autonomic nervous systems
  • breath tests
  • electrocardiography
  • electromyography
  • gastrointestinal motility
  • swallowing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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