Oxidative stress can cause various protein modifications, mainly carbonylation. There are three major chemical ways to introduce hydrazine reactive carbonyls: (i) direct oxidation by reactive oxygen species (ROS), (ii) adduction of sugars or sugar-related aldehydes, and (iii) adduction of lipid-related aldehydes. Here, we performed a comparative study of three representative conditions: CuII/ascorbic acid (AA) (ROS), methylglyoxal (sugar-related), and 4-hydroxy-2(E)-nonenal (HNE) (lipid-related). Insulin β chain and Girard's reagent P were used as the model protein and hydrazine reagent, respectively. LC/MS analyses of reactions with HNE or CuII/AA-treated linoleic acid revealed that protein carbonylation under oxidative stress is the most efficient in the presence of polyunsaturated fatty acids.
- Oxidative stress
- Reactive oxygen species
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry