Mass-dependent color evolution of field galaxies back to z ∼ 3 over the wide range of stellar mass

M. Kajisawa, T. Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


We use deep multiband optical and near-infrared data for four general fields, GOODS-South, HDF-North/South, and IRAC UDF in GOODS-North to investigate the evolution of the observed rest-frame U - V color of field galaxies as a function of the stellar mass evaluated by fitting the galaxy spectral models to the observed broadband SEDs. In these four fields, the U - V color distributions of the galaxies at each mass and redshift interval are very similar. We found that at 0.3 < z < 2.7, more massive galaxies always tend to have a redder U - V color. High- and low-mass galaxies exhibit quite different color evolutions. As seen in our previous study in HDF-N, the color distribution of low-mass (M* 3 × 109 M) galaxies becomes significantly bluer with an increase in the redshift. This evolution of the average color can be explained by a constant star formation rate model with Zform ∼ 4. On the other hand, the average color of high-mass galaxies (M* ≳ 3 × 1010 M) evolves more strongly at high redshifts. Such mass-dependent color distribution and its evolution indicate that galaxies with a larger stellar mass appear to have shorter star formation timescales, and on average they form the larger fraction of their stars in the earlier epoch.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-17
Number of pages6
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1 I
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Oct 10


  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: formation
  • Galaxies: high-redshift

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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