The mass transfer dynamics at watervapor interface through monolayer films was theoretically investigated by a combination of molecular dynamics and Langevin dynamics simulations. The rare events of mass accommodation are sampled by the Langevin simulation with sufficient statistical accuracy, on the basis of the free energy and friction profiles obtained by the molecular dynamics simulation. The free energy profiles exhibit a barrier in the long-chain monolayers, and the mechanism of the barrier is elucidated in relation to the water finger formation. The present Langevin simulation well described the remarkable dependence of the mass accommodation coefficient on the chain length and surface density. The transition state theory for the barrier passage remarkably overestimates the mass accommodation coefficient, and the Kramers or Grote-Hynes theory may not be appropriate, due to large variation of the friction in the entrance channel andor broad barrier.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry