Mapping pressurized volcanic fluids from induced crustal seismic velocity drops

F. Brenguier, M. Campillo, T. Takeda, Y. Aoki, N. M. Shapiro, X. Briand, K. Emoto, H. Miyake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

122 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Volcanic eruptions are caused by the release of pressure that has accumulated due to hot volcanic fluids at depth. Here, we show that the extent of the regions affected by pressurized fluids can be imaged through the measurement of their response to transient stress perturbations. We used records of seismic noise from the Japanese Hi-net seismic network to measure the crustal seismic velocity changes below volcanic regions caused by the 2011 moment magnitude (Mw) 9.0 Tohoku-Oki earthquake. We interpret coseismic crustal seismic velocity reductions as related to the mechanical weakening of the pressurized crust by the dynamic stress associated with the seismic waves. We suggest, therefore, that mapping seismic velocity susceptibility to dynamic stress perturbations can be used for the imaging and characterization of volcanic systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-82
Number of pages3
JournalScience
Volume345
Issue number6192
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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