Manipulation under Anesthesia for Frozen shoulders

Eiji Itoi, Hiroshi Minagawa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)


Manipulation under anesthesia is commonly used when conservative treatment does not work in patients with frozen shoulder. This is an effective treatment option for refractory frozen shoulder. It is as effective as, but less costly than, arthroscopic capsular release. Manipulation can be performed under general anesthesia, but it can also be performed under interscalene block. Serious complications such as a fracture should be avoided with use of a short lever arm with slow and gentle motion. High-quality evidence needs to be established.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationShoulder Stiffness Current Concepts and Concerns
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9783662463703
ISBN (Print)9783662463697
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1


  • Frozen shoulder
  • General anesthesia
  • Intersalene block
  • Manipulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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