Magnetoelectropolishing treatment for improving the oxidation resistance of 316L stainless steel in pressurized water reactor primary water

Qian Xiao, Zhanpeng Lu, Junjie Chen, Jiarong Ma, Qi Xiong, Hongjuan Li, Jian Xu, Tetsuo Shoji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The surfaces of 316L stainless steel with mechanical polishing (MP) or electropolishing (EP) in the presence of a magnetic field (MEP) before and after exposure to simulated pressurized water reactor (PWR) primary water were characterized by various techniques such as SEM, Raman spectroscopy, XPS and TEM measurements. The surface microhardness was lower and the surface roughness was higher for the as-treated MEP specimen than for the as-treated MP specimen. The oxide films that formed on the as-treated MP and MEP surfaces were nanometer-thick and rich in chromium. The Cr/(Fe + Ni) ratio of the as-treated MEP surface film was higher than that of the as-treated MP surface film. After exposure to simulated PWR primary water at 310 °C for 1050 h, a dark double oxide layer that was approximately 662 nm thick formed on the MP surface, while the MEP surface retained its original brightness as before exposure with a nanometer-thick oxide layer with a high Cr content. The MP and MEP specimens showed different oxidation kinetics when exposed to high temperature water. The high Cr/(Fe + Ni) ratio of the surface film on the MEP 316L SS contributed to its excellent oxidation resistance in simulated PWR primary water.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-369
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Volume518
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 May

Keywords

  • Magnetoelectropolishing
  • Oxide film
  • Pressurized water reactor
  • Primary water
  • Stainless steel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

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