Magnetocrystalline anisotropy and crystal fields in the weak-ferromagnet Ce 4Ni 3Pb 4

Keisuke Shigetoh, Takahiro Onimaru, Akihiro Ishida, Motoko Akita, Katsuya Inoue, Masakazu Nishi, Taku J. Sato, Devashibhai T. Adroja, Toshiro Takabatake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We report measurements of magnetization, magnetic susceptibility, specific heat, and neutron diffraction on a single crystal of the heavy fermion compound, Ce 4Ni 3Pb 4, crystallizing in a trigonal structure with two inequivalent Ce sites. In the paramagnetic state, the effect of crystal electric field (CEF) leads to the easy magnetization direction along the c-axis. Magnetic Bragg peaks develop below T N = 3:0K and are indexed with a propagation vector k = [0; 1; 1=2]. Below T N, a spontaneous moment of 10 -3 μ B/Ce is observed only for B ⊥ c, while a metamagnetic transition is observed for B ∥ c at 1.3 T. The small spontaneous moment in the c-plane is ascribed to the slight canting of the antiferromagnetically aligned moments from the c-axis. The inelastic neutron scattering spectrum is composed of four CEF excitations at 5.3, 19, 24, and 40 meV. The peaks at 19 and 40 meV have a rather large width of 10 meV, which is three times larger than that of the others. The wide peaks are assigned to excitations from the ground state of one Ce site, the Kondo temperature of which is higher than that of the Ce ions in the other site.

Original languageEnglish
Article number024701
Journaljournal of the physical society of japan
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Feb
Externally publishedYes


  • Ce Ni Pb
  • Crystal electric field effect
  • Heavy fermion
  • Magnetic properties
  • Neutron diffraction
  • Weak ferromagnetism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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