The electronic structure and polar magneto-optical Kerr effect (MOKE) of the transition metal chalcogenides, such as CrSe, CrTe, and VTe, in zinc-blende and wurtzite structures are studied by full-potential density-functional calculations. The p-d exchange interaction in these half-metallic ferromagnets is estimated and found to be ferromagnetic. The MOKE is quite large in all of these compounds. It is found that the peaks in Kerr rotation spectra lower than 3.0 eV are enhanced by the plasma resonance due to the metallic feature in the majority spin channel, while those higher than 3.0 eV originate from the quite large off-diagonal optical conductivity element. The CrTe exhibits a larger Kerr effect than the CrSe since the spin-orbit coupling of p orbitals in Te is stronger than that in Se, while the larger Kerr effect in VTe than in CrTe is quite unexpected because the magnetic moment in VTe is smaller than in CrTe. This strange result is understood in terms of transitions from the underlying band structure. Our calculations can give hints to the understanding of MOKE and the design of the new materials with technologically desirable magneto-optical properties through tailoring their electronic band structures.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2006 Aug 21|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics