Magnetism of the endohedral metallofullerenes M@ C82 (M=Gd,Dy) and the corresponding nanoscale peapods: Synchrotron soft x-ray magnetic circular dichroism and density-functional theory calculations

R. Kitaura, H. Okimoto, H. Shinohara, T. Nakamura, H. Osawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Synchrotron soft x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (SXMCD) spectroscopy at the Gd and Dy M5 edges is reported on endohedral metallofullerenes (M@ C82, M=Gd and Dy) and the corresponding nanopeapods [(M@ C82) @SWNT, SWNT represents single wall carbon nanotube] in a temperature range between 10 and 40 K. The magnetic moment has also been determined by theoretical calculations, which are based on the Hartree-Fock approximation with relativistic corrections. Because of the element-specific measurement of SXMCD, magnetization processes of Gd and Dy ions of nanopeapods have been selectively observed. The temperature dependence of magnetic moments of the metallofullerenes and nanopeapods follows the Curie-Weiss law with a small Weiss temperature, indicating that the magnetic interaction between encapsulated rare-earth metal atoms is relatively weak. Although the observed differences in Curie constants and Weiss temperatures between Gd@ C82 and (Gd@ C82) @SWNT are small, those of Dy@ C82 and (Dy@ C82) @SWNT are significant. This observation is consistently explained by charge transfer-induced crystal-field effects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number172409
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume76
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Nov 28
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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