Magnetic SiO2 gel microspheres for arterial embolization hyperthermia

Zhixia Li, Masakazu Kawashita, Norio Araki, Michihide Mitsumori, Masahiro Hiraoka, Masaaki Doi

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have prepared magnetic SiO2 microspheres with a diameter of 20-30 μm as thermoseeds for hyperthermia of cancer. These were prepared by directly introducing preformed magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) into microspheres of a SiO2 gel matrix derived from the hydrolysis of tetramethoxysilane (TMOS) in a water-in-oil (W/O) emulsion. Dimethylformamide (DMF) was used as a stabilizer, methanol (CH3OH) as a dispersant and ammonia (NH4OH) as the catalyst for the formation of the spherical particles in the aqueous phase of the W/O emulsion. The magnetic IONPs were synthesized hydrochemically in an aqueous system composed of ferrous chloride, sodium nitrate and sodium hydroxide. Mono-dispersed magnetic SiO2 gel microspheres with a diameter of approximately 20 μm were successfully obtained by adding a determined amount of solution with a molar ratio of TMOS/DMF/CH3OH/H2O/NH4OH = 1:1.4:9:20:0.03 to kerosene with a surfactant (sorbitan monooleate/sorbitan monostearate = 3:1 by weight ratio) that was 30 wt% of the total amount of the oil phase. These were estimated to contain up to 60 wt% of IONPs that consisted mainly of Fe 3O4 and showed a higher specific absorption rate (SAR = 27.9-43.8 W g-1) than that of the starting IONPs (SAR = 25.3 W g -1) under an alternating current magnetic field of 300 Oe and 100 kHz.

Original languageEnglish
Article number065010
JournalBiomedical Materials
Volume5
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry
  • Mechanics of Materials

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