Magnetic resonance imaging for the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis

Ichiro Nakashima, Kazuo Fujihara, Yasuto Itoyama

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) is very useful as a method form confirming the lesion distribution of multiple sclerosis(MS). Although MS should be diagnosed primarily on clinical grounds, MRI aids the diagnosis by providing paraclinical evidence for the dissemination in both time and space. Recently, a new guideline for MS diagnosis was proposed by International Panel. This guideline set out to integrate MRI into the overall diagnostic scheme because of its unique sensitivity to pathological changes. In Japanese, however, the so-called optic-spinal form of MS, which is characterized by the selective involvement of the optic nerves and the spinal cord, is relatively common. Moreover, most of Japanese MS patients without oligoclonal bands show atypical brain lesions which do not fulfill the MRI criteria for brain abnormality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1340-1346
Number of pages7
JournalNippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine
Volume61
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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