The magnetic properties and magnetostriction in grain-oriented (Tb xDy1-x)(Fe1-yMny)1.95 compounds with 0.3≤x≤0.5, 0≤y≤0.2 prepared by the Bridgman method have been investigated. It is confirmed that the Mn substitution not only lowers the spin reorientation temperature but also enhances λ〈100〉. This large λ〈100〉 is contradictory to the single-ion model. For Tb0.5Dy0.5 (Fe0.9Mn0.1) 1.95 compound, no spin reorientation, which induces the sharp drop in the magnetostriction is seen in the temperature range from 77 to 400 K. In addition, by choosing the appropriate compressive stress, the quite excellent thermal stability and the large magnetostriction of 2000 ppm in the low applied field can be realized in the Tb0.5Dy0.5 (Fe 0.9Mn0.1)1.95 compound. These features make Tb0.5Dy0.5 (Fe0.9Mn0.1) 1.95 a promising material applicable to the various giant magnetostrictive actuators.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)