The origin of a room-temperature magnetoelectric (ME) effect has been examined by means of neutron powder diffraction measurements for a Z-type hexaferrite Sr3Co2Fe24O41. The temperature and magnetic-field dependence of the electric polarization P and several magnetic Bragg reflections show that a commensurate magnetic order with a (0,0,1) propagation vector has an intimate connection with the ME effect. The room-temperature ME effect can be understood in terms of the appearance of P which is induced by a transverse conical spin structure through the inverse Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya mechanism in analogy with Y-type hexaferrites.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)