We studied magnetic field dipolarization and associated ion acceleration in the deep inner magnetosphere, using magnetic field data obtained by the magnetometer on board the Mission Demonstration Satellite 1 (MDS-1) and the energetic neutral atom (ENA) flux data obtained by the high-energy neutral analyzer imager on board the Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration satellite. Because the MDS-1 satellite has a geosynchronous transfer orbit, we could survey magnetic field variations at L = 3.0-6.5. Analyzing data in the period from February to July 2002, we found that (1) dipolarization can be detected over a wide range of L (i.e., L = 3.5-6.5, which is far inside the geosynchronous altitude); (2) when the MDS-1 satellite was located close to auroral breakup longitude, the occurrence probability of dipolarization was about 50% just inside the geosynchronous altitude and about 16% at L = 3.5-5.0, suggesting that dipolarization in the deep inner magnetosphere is not unusual; (3) magnetic storms were developing whenever dipolarization was found at L = 3.5-5.0; (4) dipolarization was accompanied by magnetic field fluctuations having a characteristic timescale of 3-5 s, which is comparable to the local gyroperiod of O+ ions; and (5) after dipolarization, the oxygen ENA flux in the nightside ring current region was predominantly enhanced by a factor of 2-5 and stayed at an enhanced level for more than 1 h, while clear enhancement was scarcely seen in the hydrogen ENA flux. From these results, we conjectured a scenario for the generation of an O+-rich ring current, in which preexisting thermal O+ ions in the outer plasmasphere (i.e., an oxygen torus known from satellite observations) experience local and nonadiabatic acceleration by magnetic field fluctuations that accompany dipolarization in the deep inner magnetosphere (L = 3.5-5.0).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Space and Planetary Science