Magnetic anisotropy of epitaxially grown Co and its alloy thin films

J. J. Wang, Toshio Sakurai, K. Oikawa, K. Ishida, N. Kikuchi, S. Okamoto, H. Sato, T. Shimatsu, O. Kitakami

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have performed a systematic study on the correlation between magnetic anisotropy energy (MAE) and crystal structures, such as lattice parameters, stacking fault densities, lattice strain, and so on, for epitaxially grown Co, Co-Pt, and Co-Pd alloy thin films, and have found that the MAE strongly depends on the axial ratio c/a of the hcp crystal lattice. As the c/a of hcp Co decreases down to ∼1.61 which is smaller than 1.622 for bulk Co, the MAE becomes significantly enhanced up to ∼106Jm-3. Similar trends have also been verified for hcp Co-Pt and-Pd. These results, which are qualitatively consistent with the classic single-ion anisotropy model and the recent first principles calculation, suggest a new effective way to control the MAE of magnetic thin films.

Original languageEnglish
Article number185008
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Volume21
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 May 11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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