Magnetic and magnetoelectric properties of Ba 2 - X Sr x Ni 2 Fe 12 O 22 single crystals with Y-type hexaferrite structure

Yuji Hiraoka, Hiroyuki Nakamura, Minoru Soda, Yusuke Wakabayashi, Tsuyoshi Kimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We studied the magnetic and magnetoelectric properties of Ba2- x Srx Ni2 Fe22 O22 single crystals over a wide composition range (0 ≥ x ≥ 1.5). All the crystals show a ferrimagnetic order at around 660 K. While a Sr-free crystal is simply ferrimagnetic down to the lowest temperature, a transition from the ferrimagnetic into a screw magnetic ordered state was observed at temperatures below 300 K in Sr-substituted crystals. The transition temperature monotonically increases with increasing Sr content, meaning that the screw ordered state is stabilized by the Sr-substitution. By applying a magnetic field perpendicular to the hexagonal c axis, the samples showing the ground-state screw order undergo successive metamagnetic transitions and exhibit magnetically induced ferroelectricity in some of the intermediate magnetic phases. In an intermediate magnetic phase, the largest electric polarization emerges (2 × 10 2 C/m2 for x 1.5 crystal), i.e., magnetoelectric effect. The evolution of the magnetic structures related to the magnetoelectric effect in x 1.5 crystal was clarified by means of in-field neutron diffraction measurements. Though the magnetoelectric effect in the as-grown crystal was measurable only below ∼100 K due to its low resistivity, a post-annealing drastically enhances the resistivity and allows us to observe the magnetically induced ferroelectricity up to ∼175 K.

Original languageEnglish
Article number033920
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume110
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Aug 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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