Machine-learning selection of optical transients in the Subaru/Hyper Suprime-Cam survey

Mikio Morii, Shiro Ikeda, Nozomu Tominaga, Masaomi Tanaka, Tomoki Morokuma, Katsuhiko Ishiguro, Junji Yamato, Naonori Ueda, Naotaka Suzuki, Naoki Yasuda, Naoki Yoshida

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present an application of machine-learning (ML) techniques to source selection in the optical transient survey data with the Hyper Suprime-Cam (HSC) on the Subaru telescope. Our goal is to select real transient events accurately and in a timely manner out of a large number of false candidates, obtained by the standard difference-imaging method. We have developed the transient selector, which is based on majority voting of the three ML machines of AUC Boosting, Random Forest, and Deep Neural Networks. We applied it to our observing runs of Subaru-HSC in 2015 May and August, and proved it to be efficient in selecting optical transients. The false positive rate was 1.0% at the true positive rate of 90% in the magnitude range of 22.0-25.0mag for the May data. For the August run, we successfully detected and reported 10 supernovae candidates within the same day as the observation. From these runs, we learned the following lessons: (1) training using artificial objects is effective in filtering false candidates out, especially for faint objects, and (2) a combination of ML by majority voting is advantageous.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104
JournalPublications of the Astronomical Society of Japan
Volume68
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Data analysis - stars
  • General - techniques
  • Methods
  • Miscellaneous
  • Supernovae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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  • Cite this

    Morii, M., Ikeda, S., Tominaga, N., Tanaka, M., Morokuma, T., Ishiguro, K., Yamato, J., Ueda, N., Suzuki, N., Yasuda, N., & Yoshida, N. (2016). Machine-learning selection of optical transients in the Subaru/Hyper Suprime-Cam survey. Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, 68(6), [104]. https://doi.org/10.1093/pasj/psw096