Reciprocal interactions between blastocysts and receptive uteri are essential for successful implantation. This process is regulated by the timely interplay of two ovarian hormones, progesterone and estrogen. However, the molecular targets of these hormones are largely unknown. We showed recently that a small bioactive lysophospholipid, lysophosphatidic acid, plays a pivotal role in the establishment of implantation via its cellular receptor, LPA3. Here we demonstrate that LPA3 expression is positively and negatively regulated by steroid hormones in mouse uteri. The LPA3 mRNA level in the uteri increased during early pseudopregnancy, peaking around 3.5 days post coitus (3.5 d.p.c.), then, decreased to the basal level on 4.5 d.p.c. LPA3 expression remained at a low level in ovariectomized mice, and administration of progesterone to ovariectomized mice up-regulated LPA3 mRNA expression. In addition, simultaneous administration of estrogen counteracted the effect of progesterone. These results show that progesterone and estrogen cooperatively regulate LPA3 expression, thereby contributing to the receptivity of uteri during early pregnancy.
- Lysophosphatidic acid
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)