Enhanced fetal γ-globin synthesis alleviates symptoms of β-globinopathies such as sickle cell disease and β-thalassemia, but current γ-globin-inducing drugs offer limited beneficial effects. We show here that lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) inhibition by RNAi in human erythroid cells or by the monoamine oxidase inhibitor tranylcypromine in human erythroid cells or β-type globin-transgenic mice enhances γ-globin expression. LSD1 is thus a promising therapeutic target for γ-globin induction, and tranylcypromine may serve as a lead compound for the development of a new γ-globin inducer.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)