Lyme disease spirochetes in a wild fox (Vulpes vulpes schrencki) and in ticks.

E. Isogai, H. Isogai, H. Kawabata, T. Masuzawa, Y. Yanagihara, K. Kimura, T. Sakai, Y. Azuma, N. Fujii, S. Ohno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Lyme disease spirochetes were demonstrated in a wild female fox (Vulpes vulpes schrencki) and in Ixodes persulcatus ticks collected from the fox on Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan. Spirochetes were detected in I. persulcatus, as well as skin lesions, brain, heart, kidney, and liver of the fox. Five of seven isolates reacted with a monoclonal antibody against Borrelia afzelii specific Osp B. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) relatedness of a brain isolate was 89% to B. afzelii, and ranged from 50 to 67% to three other species. Immunoglobulin G antibodies to B. afzelii, B. garinii and B. burgdorferi sensulato, when tested in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), were negative in the fox. There were no antibodies against seven serovars of Leptospira interrogans.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)439-444
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of wildlife diseases
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1994 Jul

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology


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