The influence of the Mg2+ codoping and annealing in the air on the scintillation and luminescence characteristics of Pr-doped lutetium-aluminum garnet crystals (LuAG) was studied to find a possible positive effect of Pr4+. The overall scintillation efficiency under X-ray excitation of the annealed Pr- doped samples decreased with increasing Mg concentration. This was explained by increased overlap of the Pr3+ 5d-4f emission with the charge-transfer (CT) absorption band of the Pr4+ ion stabilized by Mg2+. This absorption caused even greater decrease of the light yield, as the light is collected from the whole sample volume in the pulse-height spectrum measurement. Electron centers based on oxygen vacancies (F+ centers) which can have negative influence on scintillation mechanism were revealed by the electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) experiments. The O- hole center was detected as well and the temperature dependences of the EPR spectra showed that its thermal stability was decreased by Mg codoping. Negligible changes in the decay time of Pr3+ 5d-4f photoluminescence exclude the non-radiative energy transfer from relaxed 5d1 excited state of Pr3+ towards CT absorption transition of Pr4+ and suggest that simple reabsorption of the emitted light takes place. Unlike for the Ce-doped analogs, promoting the Pr3+ luminescence center to the tetravalent state by divalent ion co-doping and air annealing did not improve scintillation properties of Pr-doped LuAG.
- Lutetium–aluminum garnet
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Condensed Matter Physics