Lower Serum Calcium as a Potentially Associated Factor for Conversion of Mild Cognitive Impairment to Early Alzheimer's Disease in the Japanese Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative

Kenichiro Sato, Tatsuo Mano, Ryoko Ihara, Kazushi Suzuki, Naoki Tomita, Hiroyuki Arai, Kenji Ishii, Michio Senda, Kengo Ito, Takeshi Ikeuchi, Ryozo Kuwano, Hiroshi Matsuda, Takeshi Iwatsubo, Tatsushi Toda, Atsushi Iwata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Effect of serum calcium level to the incidence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) conversion to early Alzheimer's disease (AD) remains uncertain. Objective: To investigate association between baseline serum calcium and the MCI conversion in the Japanese Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (J-ADNI) study cohort. Methods: In this sub-analysis of J-ADNI study, we reviewed data from MCI participants at baseline regarding their conversion to early AD during the 3 years of observation period and assessed the associated factors including serum calcium level. In addition, we compared our results from the J-ADNI study with the corresponding results from the North American (NA)-ADNI. Results: Of 234 eligible MCI participants from the J-ADNI cohort, 121 (51.7%) converted to AD during the first 36 months of observation. Using univariate analysis, being female, having shorter years of education, and lower serum calcium level were correlated with increased risk of MCI-to-AD conversion exclusively in J-ADNI cohort. The lower corrected serum calcium level remained as one of conversion-associated factors in the J-ADNI cohort even after adjustment for multiple confounding variables, although this was not observed in the NA-ADNI cohort. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that lower serum calcium may be associated with an increased risk of MCI conversion to AD in Japanese cohorts. The reason for this correlation remains unclear and further external validation using other Asian cohorts is needed. It would be interesting for future AD studies to obtain serum calcium levels and other related factors, such as vitamin D levels, culture-specific dietary or medication information.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)777-788
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Volume68
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Japanese Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative
  • calcium
  • conversion
  • mild cognitive impairment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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