The paper describes the latest results and analysis of LHCD and ICRF heating experiments and beam induced instabilities on JT-60. A new multijunction LHCD launcher recorded current drive efficiency ηCD (≡n̄eRpIRF/PLH) of 3.4 × 1019 m-2·A·W-1 and extended current drive products (≡n̄eRpIRF) up to 12.5 × 1019 m-2·MA with approximately 4.5 MW LHCD power. Combination with neutral beams showed that the interaction between ions or electrons and lower hybrid waves is well explained by simple lower hybrid dispersion and showed evidence of N∥ upshift. A simplified N∥ upshift model explains experimental ηCD very well and predicts the achievement of the value necessary for ITER. Experimental results on third harmonic ICRF heating in combination with NBI heating and second harmonic minority heating are presented. In both cases, strong central heating by tail ion acceleration with higher harmonic ICRF waves occurs and giant sawteeth appear. In the former case, the sawtooth period reaches six times the energy confinement time and the energy confinement time is enhanced by 20% owing to fast ions. In the latter case, giant sawteeth appear even in the high density and low q regime (n̄e ≤ 6.5 × 1019 m-3 and qeff ≥ 2.6) with relatively small threshold ICRF power (approximately 2 MW).