Background—Epicardial mapping can reveal low-voltage areas on the right ventricular outflow tract in patients with Brugada syndrome with several ventricular fibrillation (VF) episodes. A type 1 ECG is associated with an abnormal electrogram on right ventricular outflow tract epicardium. This study investigated the clinical significance of the amplitude of type 1 ECGs in patients with Brugada syndrome. Methods and Results—In 209 patients with Brugada syndrome with a spontaneous type 1 ECG (26 resuscitated from VF, 54 with syncope, and 129 asymptomatic), the amplitude of the ECG in leads exhibiting type 1 was measured among V1 to V3 leads positioned in the standard and upper 1 and 2 intercostal spaces. The number of ECG leads exhibiting type 1 did not differ among groups. The averaged amplitude of type 1 ECG was, however, significantly smaller in the group resuscitated from VF than in the asymptomatic group (P<0.05). Moreover, the minimum amplitude of type 1 ECG was significantly smaller in the group resuscitated from VF than in the group with syncope and the asymptomatic group (P<0.05 and P<0.01, respectively). During follow-up (56±48 months), VF occurred in 29 patients. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that patients with the minimum amplitude of type 1 ECG lower than or at the median value had a higher incidence of VF (log-rank test, P<0.01). In multivariate analysis, syncope, past VF episode, and minimum amplitude of type 1 ECG ≤0.8 mV were independent predictors of VF events during follow-up. Conclusions—Low-voltage type 1 ECG is highly and independently related to fatal ventricular tachyarrhythmia in patients with Brugada syndrome.
- Brugada syndrome
- Sudden cardiac death
- Ventricular fibrillation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine