We present a low-temperature (∼300°C) process for preparing transparent conducting anatase Nb-doped TiO2 (TNO) polycrystalline films by sputtering. We first deposited amorphous films composed of an oxygen-rich bottom layer and oxygen-deficient top layer at room temperature. These films were then crystallized in a reducing atmosphere. The oxygen-rich bottom layer behaved as a seed layer during crystallization of the top layer, resulting in significant improvement of crystallinity and reduction of crystallization temperature. We obtained TNO polycrystalline films showing a resistivity of 6.4 × 10 -4 Ω cm and absorption below 10% In the visible region by post-deposition annealing at 400°C. The developed low-temperature process was applied to fabricating TNO films on plastics and glass with low glass-transition temperature.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)