Low-temperature atomic ordering of oriented L10-FePtCu nanoparticles with high areal-density characterized by transmission electron microscopy and electron diffraction

Han Wool Ryu, Kazuhisa Sato, Yoshihiko Hirotsu

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Oriented and densely dispersed Ll0-FePtCu nanoparticles have been directly synthesized by co-evaporation of Fe, Pt and Cu using rfmagnetron sputtering onto NaCl substrate kept at 563-613 K without any post-deposition annealing. Formation of the L10-type structure in the specimens fabricated as low a substrate temperature as 563 K (Fe40Pt 50Cu10) was confirmed by electron microscopy and electron diffraction, while the coercivity measured at room temperature was very low and the intensity of the superlattice reflections was quite weak. The atomic ordering was promoted in the specimen fabricated at 613 K with a composition of Fe37Pt52Cu11, resulted in a higher coercivity exceeding 1 kOe at room temperature as well as appearance of clear superlattice reflections. In addition to the evolution of atomic ordering, (100) oriented growth was enhanced as the substrate temperature increased. Particle size dependence of long-range order (LRO) is considered to be responsible for the decrease of coercivity with particle size reduction as well as thermal fluctuation of magnetization. High coercivity was obtained for specimens with Cu concentration near 10at% under the present sputtering condition. The LRO in the FePtCu ternary phase is considered to sensitively depend on me alloy concentration.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)903-908
    Number of pages6
    JournalMaterials Transactions
    Volume48
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2007 May 1

    Keywords

    • FePtCu
    • L1 structure
    • Low temperature ordering
    • Nanoparticles
    • Sputtering
    • Transmission electron microscopy

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Materials Science(all)
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Mechanical Engineering

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