Low-level easterly winds blowing through the Tsugaru Strait, Japan. Part II: Numerical simulation of the event on 5-10 June 2003

Teruhisa Shimada, Masahiro Sawada, Weiming Sha, Hiroshi Kawamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper investigates the structures of and diurnal variations in low-level easterly winds blowing through the Tsugaru Strait and Mutsu Bay on 5-10 June 2003 using a numerical weather prediction model. Cool air that accompanies prevailing easterly winds owing to the persistence of the Okhotsk high intrudes into the strait and the bay below 500 m during the nighttime and retreats during the daytime. This cool-air intrusion and retreat induce diurnal variations in the winds in the east inlet of the strait, in Mutsu Bay, and in the west exit of the strait. In the east inlet, a daytime increase in air temperature within the strait produces a large air temperature difference with the inflowing cool air, and the resulting pressure gradient force accelerates the winds. The cool air flowing into Mutsu Bay is heated over land before entering the bay during the daytime. The resulting changes in cool-air depth and in pressure gradient force strengthen the daytime winds. In the west exit, local pressure gradient force perturbations are induced by the air temperature difference between warm air over the Japan Sea and cool air within the strait, and by variations in the depth of low-level cool air. The accelerated winds in the west exit extend southwestward in close to geostrophic balance during the daytime and undergo a slight anticyclonic rotation to westerly during the nighttime owing to the dominance of the Coriolis effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1779-1793
Number of pages15
JournalMonthly Weather Review
Volume140
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 May

Keywords

  • Coastal meteorology
  • Diurnal effects
  • Mesoscale models
  • Orographic effects
  • Surface layer
  • Wind

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

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