Low-frequency and low-intensity ultrasound irradiation to the forearm improves an index of arterial stiffness in subjects with type 2 diabetes and hypertension

Katsunori Nonogaki, Mari Murakami, Tomoe Yamazaki, Naohiko Nonogaki

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives The arterial pressure-volume index (API) is a non-invasive assessment of arterial stiffness, and is suggested as a useful predictor of future cardiovascular events. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of low-frequency and low-intensity ultrasound applied to the forearm for 10 min on the API in Japanese subjects with type 2 diabetes and hypertension. Methods We examined the effects of low-frequency and low-intensity ultrasound (800 kHz, 25 mW/cm2) applied to the forearm for 10 min on the API, blood pressure (BP) and pulse rate in 40 Japanese subjects (13 men and 27 women; mean age ± SE, 70 ± 2 years) with type 2 diabetes and hypertension, who had the API > 30 and systolic BP > 140 mmHg at a clinic visit. We also examined the effects of the ultrasound irradiation for 10 min on the API, BP and pulse rate in 33 Japanese subjects (11 men and 22 women; mean age ± SE, 65 ± 2 years) with type 2 diabetes and hypertension, who had the API > 30 and systolic BP (SBP) < 140 mmHg. Results The API, systolic BP and pulse rate in the ultrasound treatment group was significantly lower than the baseline values in the subjects who had the API > 30 and either the baseline of systolic BP > 140 mmHg or systolic BP < 140 mmHg. Conclusions The low-frequency and low-intensity ultrasound irradiation to the forearm for 10 min might be useful as a preventive application for arterial stiffness in subjects with type 2 diabetes and hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-6
Number of pages3
JournalIJC Heart and Vasculature
Volume16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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