Low-energy Majorana states in spin liquid transitions in a three-dimensional Kitaev model

Joji Nasu, Masafumi Udagawa, Yukitoshi Motome

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A three-dimensional Kitaev model on a hyperhoneycomb lattice is investigated numerically at finite temperature. The Kitaev model is one of the solvable quantum spin models, where the ground state is given by gapped and gapless spin liquids, depending on the anisotropy of the interactions. This model can be rewritten as a free Majorana fermion system coupled with Z2 variables. The density of states of Majorana fermions shows an excitation gap in the gapped region, while it is semimetallic in the gapless region reflecting the Dirac node. Performing the Monte Carlo simulation, we calculate the temperature dependence of the Majorana spectra. We find that the semimetallic dip is filled as temperature increases in the gapless region, but surprisingly, the spectrum develops an excitation gap in the region near the gapless-gapped boundary. Such changes of the low-energy spectrum appear sharply at the transition temperature from the spin liquid to the paramagnetic state. The results indicate that thermal fluctuations of the Z2 fields significantly influence the low-energy state of Majorana fermions, especially in the spin liquid formation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012115
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume592
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event2014 International Conference on Strongly Correlated Electron Systems, SCES 2014 - Grenoble, France
Duration: 2014 Jul 72014 Jul 14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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