We propose an apparatus that realizes direct observation of nonlinear phase shifts induced by cross-phase modulation. The apparatus is based on a polarization-division Sagnac interferometer incorporating Faraday rotators, which, in principle, enables phase robustness, flexibility, and lossless operation. Here, we present the measurement of nonlinear phase shifts in a photonic crystal fiber, demonstrating the advantage of our system in its application to waveguide-type Kerr media. This apparatus is applicable to lossless all-optical phase gates and switches.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)