Longitudinal patterns of genetic diversity and larval density of the riverine caddisfly Hydropsyche orientalis (Trichoptera)

Kozo Watanabe, Michael T. Monaghan, Tatsuo Omura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Small local populations may have low levels of genetic diversity, although widespread gene flow may counteract genetic drift and maintain high local diversity. At a larger spatial scale, a relationship between population size and genetic diversity could have important effects on the longitudinal genetic patterns in riverine corridors. We examined the genetic structure of 15 subpopulations of the caddisfly Hydropsyche orientalis in four rivers within the Natori River system in Japan using 78 polymorphic RAPD loci. Six subpopulations were fragmented by reservoirs and thus may be smaller, genetically isolated, or both. Pairwise FST values were generally high throughout the study, and a higher mean value across the reservoirs (mean=0.219) relative to unfragmented streams 0.157) indicated reduced gene flow. Genetic diversity was not consequently reduced in these subpopulations; however, genetic diversity was positively correlated with larval density at all sites (percentage of polymorphic loci, %P = 46.3-59.1; expected heterozygosity H exp = 0.163-0.225). The longitudinal distribution of genetic diversity exhibited a unimodal pattern, with a peak in middle reaches. Correlation with larval density was a significant factor, although the presence of cryptic species as well as unimodally distributed environmental variables (e.g., habitat heterogeneity) provide alternative hypotheses. We suggest that studies examining longitudinal patterns of genetic diversity will provide a better understanding of the principal mechanisms that create and maintain biodiversity in rivers and streams.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)377-387
Number of pages11
JournalAquatic Sciences
Volume70
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Dec 1

Keywords

  • Habitat fragmentation
  • Isolation by distance
  • Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)
  • Stream macroinvertebrate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology

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