Long-Range Anisotropic Structural Films and Fibers Formed from Lyotropic Liquid Crystal Gels Containing Hetero-Double-Helices with C 16 Terminal Groups

Nozomi Saito, Higashi Kobayashi, Kiyoshi Kanie, Masahiko Yamaguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Long-range anisotropic structural materials exhibit notable optical and mechanical properties, and an efficient method for synthesizing such materials involving self-assembly of well-defined monodispersed organic molecules is described here. Hetero-double-helices are formed in toluene using a pseudoenantiomeric mixture of an ethynylhelicene (M)-tetramer with C 16 terminal groups and a (P)-pentamer. When the concentration of the mixture was increased, the hetero-double-helices self-assembled to form lyotropic liquid crystal gels. On evaporating the solvent by drop casting, a long-range anisotropic structural film with a single domain and a size of up to centimeter order was spontaneously formed. Kinetics analysis of the film formation indicated the generation of perpendicularly aligned liquid crystal domains at the interface of the liquid and solid phases. When the lyotropic liquid crystal gel was extruded into methanol, a long-range anisotropic structural fiber with a single domain was formed. Different shapes of long-range anisotropic structural materials were obtained by different mechanical treatments of lyotropic liquid crystal gels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5075-5080
Number of pages6
JournalLangmuir
Volume35
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Apr 9

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry

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