Localized thin-film analysis by grazing-exit electron probe microanalysis

Kouichi Tsuji, Kesami Saito, Katsuhiko Asami, Kazuaki Wagatsuma, Filip Delalieux, Zoya Spolnik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


We have studied the application of grazing-exit electron probe microanalysis (GE-EPMA) for surface and thin-film analysis. In this method, characteristic X-rays are measured at small take-off angles of less than 1°. Under grazing-exit conditions, the X-rays emitted from deep inside the sample are not detected because they are stopped by a slit mounted in front of the energy-dispersive X-ray detector. Hereby, it becomes possible to perform localized surface analysis with GE-EPMA. We applied this method to thin-film analysis of a small surface area. The exit-angle dependence of the characteristic X-ray intensities was measured for thin films of Cr and Ti. Thickness and density of thin films were determined by fitting the experimental plots with theoretically calculated curves. Differences were found in the densities of two Cr thin films deposited by magnetron sputtering and vacuum evaporation. The advantage of GE-EPMA is that non-destructive thin-film analysis of small surface areas can be incorporated in simple scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)897-906
Number of pages10
JournalSpectrochimica Acta - Part B Atomic Spectroscopy
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2002


  • Electron probe microanalysis
  • Grazing-exit
  • Scanning electron microscope
  • Surface analysis
  • Thin film

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Instrumentation
  • Spectroscopy


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