Local convection-enhanced delivery of an anti-CD40 agonistic monoclonal antibody induces antitumor effects in mouse glioma models

Takuhiro Shoji, Ryuta Saito, Masashi Chonan, Ichiyo Shibahara, Aya Sato, Masayuki Kanamori, Yukihiko Sonoda, Toru Kondo, Naoto Ishii, Teiji Tominaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Glioblastoma is one of the most malignant brain tumors in adults and has a dismal prognosis. In a previous report, we reported that CD40, a TNF-R-related cell surface receptor, and its ligand CD40L were associated with glioma outcomes. Here we attempted to activate CD40 signaling in the tumor and determine if it exerted therapeutic efficacy. Methods CD40 expression was examined in 3 mouse glioma cell lines (GL261, NSCL61, and bRiTs-G3) and 5 human glioma cell lines (U87, U251, U373, T98, and A172). NSCL61 and bRiTs-G3, as glioma stem cells, also expressed the glioma stem cell markers MELK and CD44. In vitro, we demonstrated direct antitumor effects of an anti-CD40 agonistic monoclonal antibody (FGK45) against the cell lines. The efficacy of FGK45 was examined by local convection-enhanced delivery of the monoclonal antibody against each glioma model. Results CD40 was expressed in all mouse and human cell lines tested and was found at the cell membrane of each of the 3 mouse cell lines. FGK45 administration induced significant, direct antitumor effects in vitro. The local delivery of FGK45 significantly prolonged survival compared with controls in the NSCL61 and bRiTs-G3 models, but the effect was not significant in the GL261 model. Increases in apoptosis and CD4+ and CD8+ T cell infiltration were observed in the bRiTs-G3 model after FGK45 treatment. Conclusions Local delivery of FGK45 significantly prolonged survival in glioma stem cell models. Thus, local delivery of this monoclonal antibody is promising for immunotherapy against gliomas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1120-1128
Number of pages9
JournalNeuro-Oncology
Volume18
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Aug 1

Keywords

  • CD40
  • Convection-enhanced delivery
  • Glioma
  • Immunotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

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