We have recently performed living-related small bowel transplantation for 2 patients. The first patient was a 14-year-old boy with total parenteral nutrition (TPN)-dependent short-bowel syndrome associated with hypoganglionosis of the entire intestine. He received a bowel graft from his 43-year-old mother. The second patient was a 27-year-old woman, who had massive enterectomy due to volvulus and developed vitamin deficiencies and severe metabolic disorders as a result of long-term TPN. She underwent living-related bowel transplantation from her 57-year-old mother. Blood types were ABO identical, cytotoxic cross matches were negative, and cytomegalovirus statuses were positive-to-positive in both cases. Up to one third of the donor bowel was harvested from the donor distal ileum more than 30 cm away from the ileocecal valve. The graft vessels were connected to infrarenal aorta, and inferior vena cava. The immunosuppressive regimen consisted of daclizumab, tacrolimus, and steroid. The graft surveillance was accomplished using zoom endoscopy and mucosal biopsy. The first patient developed progressive acute cellular rejection (ACR) on the 9th postoperative day (POD)-9 requiring OKT-3 therapy, which was effective. Two months after transplantation, he was weaned from TPN, tolerating oral intake with a fully functioning graft. The second patient experienced no episode of ACR and was weaned off TPN on POD-29 with a functioning graft. Her metabolic disorder dramatically improved after bowel transplantation. Both donors had no complication and were discharged from the hospital on POD-10. Living-related bowel transplantation is an extreme option of treatment for patients with short-bowel syndrome.
|Number of pages||2|
|Publication status||Published - 2005 Mar|
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