This paper presents a CIP (cubic interpolated pseudoparticle) based numerical method for liquefaction induced lateral spread analysis in the framework of fluid dynamics. Previously, the authors presented similar methods using a SIMPLE-VOF based commercial code but were not able to extend such a code to simulate lateral spread of liquefied ground with an overlaying non-liquefied layer, which is the most common and more practical post liquefaction problem. In this study, the CIP method is used because it is able to treat solid, liquid and gas together, can correctly define the flow behavior at interfaces of multi-fluids and can also be used as a unified scheme for both compressible and incompressible materials. A Bingham model that takes the undrained strength of soils into account is used as the basic constitutive model. A CIP based numerical scheme, which has been successfully used in fluid dynamics problems, is modified by incorporating the Bingham viscosity and an implicit calculation procedure for pressure terms. The Poisson equation is used to compute the pressure over the whole domain. The current numerical method is validated and good agreement is produced in comparison with experimental results. A previously verified similitude for liquefied ground flow is also reproduced by this method. The method is, finally, used to simulate shaking table tests on a liquefied subsoil model with an overlaying non-liquefied layer. From the results of simulations, the numerical method is found to satisfactorily reproduce the time histories of ground surface velocity and displacement and depth distribution of displacement.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
- Computer Science Applications