To investigate the mechanisms underlying T-cell responses during superantigen (SAg) stimulation, we analysed the effects of SAg on CD27 expression with or without lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as a novel regulator of T-cell function. CD27 is expressed on the majority of resting peripheral blood T cells (CD27(low)). Activation of T cells by SAg induces high levels of CD27 surface expression (CD27(high)) accompanied with simultaneous CD30 receptor expression. After prolonged activation in vitro, the level of CD27 expression became intermediate. The effects of LPS on down-regulation of CD27(high) expression on CD30+ T cells were dose-dependent. Separating LPS- stimulated monocytes from T cells by mechanical dispersion abolished its inhibitory effect, indicating the requirement for direct interactions between monocytes and T cells. We also found that SAg up-regulated CD80 expression on CD14+ monocytes and LPS inhibited SAg-induced CD80 expression after 24 hr of stimulation. Up-regulation of CD152 (CTLA-4) was selective, since it was found to be preferentially expressed on the CD30+ population. Competitive experiments using soluble blocking peptides showed that addition of CD28 or CD80 peptide recovered LPS-induced down-regulation of CD27(high) expression on CD30+ T cells. These observations suggested that the presence of low levels of CD80 on monocytes may partially inhibit CD27 expression due to inefficient delivery of positive signals via CD28/CD80 interaction, and that the increased levels of CD80 enhance the inhibition through interactions with CD152 which is expressed at the highest levels after 48 hr of activation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy