Lipocalin 2 regulation by thermal stresses: Protective role of Lcn2/NGAL against cold and heat stresses

Mehryar Habibi Roudkenar, Raheleh Halabian, Amaneh Mohammadi Roushandeh, Mohammad Reza Nourani, Nasser Masroori, Majid Ebrahimi, Mahin Nikogoftar, Mehdi Rouhbakhsh, Parisa Bahmani, Ali Jahanian Najafabadi, Mohammad Ali Shokrgozar

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    51 Citations (Scopus)


    Environmental temperature variations are the most common stresses experienced by a wide range of organisms. Lipocalin 2 (Lcn2/NGAL) is expressed in various normal and pathologic conditions. However, its precise functions have not been fully determined. Here we report the induction of Lcn2 by thermal stresses in vivo, and its role following exposure to cold and heat stresses in vitro. Induction of Lcn2 in liver, heart and kidney was detected by RT-PCR, Western blot and immunohistochemistry following exposure of mice to heat and cold stresses. When CHO and HEK293T cells overexpressing NGAL were exposed to cold stress, cell proliferation was higher compared to controls. Down-regulatrion of NGAL by siRNA in A549 cells resulted in less proliferation when exposed to cold stress compared to control cells. The number of apoptotic cells and expression of pro-apoptotic proteins were lower in the NGAL overexpressing CHO and HEK293T cells, but were higher in the siRNA-transfected A549 cells compared to controls, indicating that NGAL protects cells against cold stress. Following exposure of the cells to heat stress, ectopic expression of NGAL protected cells while addition of exogenous recombinant NGAL to the cell culture medium exacerbated the toxicity of heat stress specially when there was low or no endogenous expression of NGAL. It had a dual effect on apoptosis following heat stress. NGAL also increased the expression of HO-1. Lcn2/NGAL may have the potential to improve cell proliferation and preservation particularly to prevent cold ischemia injury of transplanted organs or for treatment of some cancers by hyperthermia. Crown

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3140-3151
    Number of pages12
    JournalExperimental Cell Research
    Issue number18
    Publication statusPublished - 2009 Nov 1


    • Apoptosis
    • Cold and heat stresses
    • Cytoprotective factor
    • Lcn2/NGAL

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Cell Biology


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