Linking remote sensing parameters to CO2 assimilation rates at a leaf scale

Kouki Hikosaka, Katsuto Tsujimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF) and photochemical reflectance index (PRI) are expected to be useful for remote sensing of photosynthetic activity at various spatial scales. This review discusses how chlorophyll fluorescence and PRI are related to the CO2 assimilation rate at a leaf scale. Light energy absorbed by photosystem II chlorophylls is allocated to photochemistry, fluorescence, and heat dissipation evaluated as non-photochemical quenching (NPQ). PRI is correlated with NPQ because it reflects the composition of xanthophylls, which are involved in heat dissipation. Assuming that NPQ is uniquely related to the photochemical efficiency (quantum yield of photochemistry), photochemical efficiencies can be assessed from either chlorophyll fluorescence or PRI. However, this assumption may not be held under some conditions such as low temperatures and photoinhibitory environments. Even in such cases, photosynthesis may be estimated more accurately if both chlorophyll fluorescence and PRI are determined simultaneously. To convert from photochemical efficiency to CO2 assimilation, environmental responses in stomatal conductance also need to be considered. Models linking chlorophyll fluorescence and PRI with CO2 assimilation rates will contribute to understanding and future prediction of the global carbon cycle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)695-711
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Plant Research
Volume134
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jul

Keywords

  • Chlorophyll fluorescence
  • Gas exchange
  • Light energy partitioning
  • Non-photochemical quenching
  • Photochemical reflectance index (PRI)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

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