We have demonstrated 1.55 μm wavelength lightwave propagation through a 120° sharply bent waveguide formed in a triangular-lattice two-dimensional photonic crystal (2D PC). Such propagation has not previously been experimentally confirmed. The photonic crystal was fabricated in a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) wafer with the top silicon layer of the wafer used as a core layer. A 877-μm-long single-line-defect waveguide was formed in the PC with a sharp 120° bend near the middle of the waveguide. A tapered-hemispherical-end fiber was coupled to the input end of the waveguide for the light input, and the output from the other end of the waveguide was directly observed by scanning its near-field profile with another tapered-hemispherical-end fiber.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)