The recent observations imply that there is an extra relativistic degree of freedom coined dark radiation. We argue that the QCD axion is a plausible candidate for the dark radiation, not only because of its extremely small mass, but also because in the supersymmetric extension of the Peccei-Quinn mechanism the saxion tends to dominate the Universe and decays into axions with a sizable branching fraction. We show that the Higgsino mixing parameter μ is bounded from above when the axions produced at the saxion decays constitute the dark radiation: μ 300 GeV for a saxion lighter than 2 mW, and μ less than the saxion mass otherwise. Interestingly, the Higgsino can be light enough to be within the reach of LHC and/or ILC even when the other superparticles are heavy with mass about 1 TeV or higher. We also estimate the abundance of axino produced by the decays of Higgsino and saxion.
- Cosmology of Theories beyond the SM
- Supersymmetric Standard Model
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics