Ligand effects on the photophysical properties of N,N′-diisopropylbenzimidazolylidene-protected C-centered hexagold(I) clusters

Zhen Lei, Koichi Nagata, Hitoshi Ube, Mitsuhiko Shionoya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A gold(I) cluster with formula of [(C)(Au-BIiPr)6](BF4)2 (1, BIiPr = N,N′-diisopropylbenzimidazolylidene) was synthesized and characterized. It has a molecular structure almost identical to previously reported [(C)(Au-IiPr)6](BF4)2 (2, IiPr = N,N′-diisopropylimidazolylidene) and [(C)(Au-PPh3)6](BF4)2 (3), except for the ligands. It is worth noting that the crystal of 1 shows intense green emission under photoexcitation (λemmax = 509 nm), which significantly blue-shifted compared to the yellow-emissive 2 (λemmax = 567 nm) and yellowish-green-emissive 3 (λemmax = 525 nm). Moreover, UV–vis spectra of 1, 2 and 3 show a similar absorption profile around 340 nm. However, the ε values at absorption maxima in this region were calculated to be 9.5 × 104, 5.2 × 104 and 2.1 × 104 M−1 cm−1 for 1, 2 and 3, respectively. The results of time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) calculation indicate that the ligand BIiPr promotes the metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) process dominant in the electronic structure of 1 and thereby alters the energy gaps. Meanwhile, another underlying origin of these ligand effects on the photophysical properties is likely to be their different capabilities to stabilize the excited states of clusters.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121271
JournalJournal of Organometallic Chemistry
Volume917
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun 21

Keywords

  • Gold(I)
  • Luminescence
  • Metal cluster
  • N-heterocyclic carbene
  • Photophysical properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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