Li-Sr-Nd isotope signatures of the plume and cratonic lithospheric mantle beneath the margin of the rifted Tanzanian craton (Labait)

Sonja Aulbach, Roberta L. Rudnick, William F. McDonough

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lithium concentrations and isotopic compositions of olivine and 87Sr/86Sr and 143Nd/144Nd of coexisting clinopyroxene from peridotite xenoliths from the Quaternary Labait volcano, Tanzania, document the influence of rift-related metasomatism on the ancient cratonic mantle. Olivines show negative correlations between Fo content and both δ7Li and Li concentrations. Olivines in iron-rich peridotites (Fo85-87) have high Li concentrations (3.2-4.8 ppm) and heavy δ7 Li (+5.2 to +6.6). In contrast, olivines in ancient, refractory peridotites have lower Li concentrations (∼2 ppm) and relatively light δ7Li (+2.6 to +3.5). This reflects mixing between ancient, refractory cratonic lithosphere and asthenosphere-derived rift magmas. A uniquely fertile, deformed, high-temperature garnet lherzolite, interpreted to be from the base of the lithosphere, has a 87Sr/86Sr of 0.7029 and 143Nd/144Nd of 0.51286, similar to HIMU oceanic basalts. It provides the best estimate of the Sr-Nd isotope composition of the upwelling mantle (i.e., plume, sensu lato) underlying this portion of the East African Rift, and is slightly less radiogenic compared to previous estimates of the plume that were based on rift basalts. Although elevated δ7Li are not exclusive to HIMU source regions, the data collectively indicate that the plume beneath Labait has HIMU characteristics in Sr, Nd and Li isotope composition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-92
Number of pages14
JournalContributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
Volume155
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cratonic lithospheric mantle
  • East African Rift
  • Lithium isotopes
  • Neodymium isotopes
  • Plume
  • Strontium isotopes
  • Tanzania

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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