In the Tohoku University Heliac (TU-Heliac), a helical axis stellarator, an electron injection electrode using a hot cathode made of LaB6 was developed and the transition mechanism to an improved mode has been intensively studied. In the electrode current-sweep mode of biasing experiments, a bifurcation phenomenon, i.e. a negative resistance feature in the electrode characteristics was observed accompanied with transition to an improved mode (H-mode) or transition from H-mode to L-mode, in helium plasma discharges of a wide range of collisionality. The ion viscous damping force was estimated from the J × B driving force for poloidal rotation. The local maxima in viscosity were found at the poloidal Mach number around -Mp ∼ 1-3, as predicted by neoclassical theory. It was also found that the negative resistance (a bifurcation phenomenon) was observed when the poloidal viscosity showed a local maximum.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics